The Old Tatar Settlement owes its unforgettable picturesque appearance to its location on the right bank of Lake Nizhny Kaban.
The history of the Old Tatar Settlement began shortly after Kazan fell to the army of Ivan the Terrible. Outstanding representatives of the Tatar people – intelligentsia, religious leaders, merchants and manufacturers – resided in the settlement in the 18th century. Yunusov Square used to be the heart of the Old Tatar Settlement.
Its architectural appearance is shaped by buildings that date back to the late 18th-early 19th centuries. Most popular destinations and places of interest are buildings that belonged to Tatar bourgeois class and intelligentsia: Yunusov-Apanaev House, Shamil House, Mardjani House, Kayum Nasyri House, Shamil Yusupov House and many others. The Oriental Club was opened at the settlement in the 19th century where famous poets cited their poetry and first Tatar plays were staged. An astonishing array of mosques – Mardjani Mosque, Apanaev Mosque, Golubaya (‘Blue’) Mosque, Galeev Mosque, Burnaev Mosque and Hay Mosque (now known as the Nurulla Mosque), the largest among them, – are situated within the settlement.
The Gabdulla Tukay Literary Museum, Kayum Nasyri House Museum are open for visitors on the premises of the Old Tatar Settlement, the Galiaskar Kamal Tatar Academic Theatre is located there as well.